Communism is a political ideology which once nearly ruled most of the world.It is based on the idea that people must be equal everywhere and the state must be more fair.
If capitalism is a social system where individual rights and individual wealth is the priority, then communism is its opposite. ‘’Communism believes in equality through force. In its system, individual rights are used to build absolute government control.’’ In Communist countries the state owns everything and no one can have his own business.
‘’Communism’s essential goals are the abolition of private property, heavy income tax, central banking, government ownership of communication, transportation, factories and agriculture and government control of education and labour.’’
‘’Communism is heavily influenced by Czarizm, the totalitarian regime replaced by Communism after Russia’s 1917 Revolution.’’ During the Stalinist regime, almost 40 million Russian citizens were murdered for ‘the good state’.
‘’ Many things led to the fall of communism in Russia. Most importantly, promises to the people from the Communist government to supply all their need so that they would live comfortably were not realized. Also, any government that systematically oppresses its citizens into obedience will eventually deteriorate. ‘’
Communism’s first founder was Shey Bedrettin, an Ottoman man who wanted a ‘fairer’ society. Modern day Communism is based on the writings of two German philsopher-economists; Karl Marx and Fredrich Engels. “The Communist Manifesto” was published in 1848. They believed that many problems in society were due to the unequal distribution of wealth. They believed that society should be classless and stateless.To bring about happiness and prosperity for all, the distinctions between the rich and poor of society must be eliminated. Furthermore, since the rich will never give up their goods or status voluntarily, a rebellion of the poor — the working class — is necessary.
The first country that had a communist government was Russia,after a revolution by Vladimir Ilyich Lenin. After his death, communism became associated with barbarism because of the new leader of Soviet Russia, Josef Stalin. He treated people equally insofar as he killed and oppressed them indiscriminately. He made a new system of industrialisation and ‘collectivised’ all the farms of Russia to the State. When the Second World War started he became neutral but soon got attacked by the Nazi dictator of Germany, Adolf Hitler. He used the excuse of a patriotic war to make his people die for the victory. After that, communism spread throughout the world and eventually covering 1/3 of the earth by the time of the death of Stalin. 40 years later, the Soviet Union collapsed and the communism was greatly weakened. It did work in theory but not in practice.
Stalin and Lenin
In recent decades Communism in some countries has modernized, this has been called modern communism. It is lighter than classical communism and permits free enterprises. Today communism is still an ideology and has power in some countries. Not all of the governments are harshly extreme communists but there are few extreme communist nations left in world, such as China, North Korea, Vietnam, Cuba and Burma.
In conclusion, if we would like to examine the results of communism, we see disappointment. If there will always be the poor, then there will always be the rich and there will always be division. The attempt to establish a classless society turned to frustration and failure.