The map shows which countries have the most freedom in press with colors. The countries with a bluish color have the most freedom, countries with a reddish color have the least freedom in press.
Having a free media is a very important thing for a country. If a country is trying to be a developed country, it should be open to different ideas and criticisms in order to be able to see their mistakes and adjust them. Unless people are able to express their ideas, this won’t be possible. Therefore, giving people the freedom to reveal their feelings and write about things that they don’t like about the system greatly helps countries to become developed.
As we can see, media in Canada, Scandinavia, Australia and the USA, which are the most developed countries in the world, are able to criticize or express their feelings about things without fear. Countries like Iran that are shown with red, however, are mostly undeveloped countries. Although they don’t have enough freedom to be a developed country they are a developing country due to their population, therefore they have an high income. But if we look at the per capita income of China, we can see that it is actually a low amount. Countries which are shown with green are mostly developing countries like Turkey.
According to a research done by RSF(Reporters Sans Frontieres) about freedom of press, Turkey holds the 138th place, out of 178 countries. So as we can see we still have a lot to do. Our country came to this situation a short while ago. 30 years ago people were killed because their ideas were challenging the authority of the government. But today they only go to jail and even that happens rarely. As we all know, one of the current news stories is that Hanefi Avcı, the author of “Haliç’te Yaşayan Simonlar”, has been arrested because in his book he revealed some striking secrets about the government. These kind of arrests frighten people who are thinking about expressing their ideas by writing a public book or an article. If Turkey does not become mature enough to listen to people’s thoughts it will take us a long time to become a developed country.